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3/2010 (145)

«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

КАЧЕСТВО СЕЛЬСКОЙ ЖИЗНИ


Содержание

В СОВЕТЕ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОГО СОБРАНИЯ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Социальная сфера российского села и ее будущее


Николаев М.Е.

Заместитель Председателя Совета Федерации
Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации

3

Формирование и регулирование рынка труда в сельской местности

Вовченко А.В. 

Первый заместитель руководителя Федеральной службы по труду
и занятости Российской Федерации

6

Горин А.Д. 

Начальник отдела мониторинга рынка труда Департамента сельского развития и социальной политики Министерства сельского хозяйства РФ

8

Гривина И.В. 

Заместитель директора Департамента занятости и трудовой миграции Министерства здравоохранения и социального развития РФ

10

Шуманов П.А. 

Ведущий консультант Управления внешней трудовой миграции
Федеральной миграционной службы России

10

Бобков В.Н. 

Генеральный директор ВЦУЖ, д.э.н., проф., Заслуженный деятель науки РФ

11

Смирнов Г.Е.

Ректор Российской академии кадрового обеспечения АПК

13

Касаткин, В.А.

Председатель Совета "Лиги кредитных союзов" (г. Барнаул).

14

Агапова Н.Н. 

Председатель профсоюза работников АПК России

15

Мамута М. В.

Директор Всероссийского центра микрофинансирования

17

Бондаренко Л.В. 

Руководитель центра Всероссийского мониторинга социально-трудовой сферы Всероссийского научно-исследовательского института экономики сельского хозяйства (ГНУ ВНИЭСХ), д.э.н, проф., чл.-корр. РАСХН

18

Богдановский В.А.

Заведующий отделом экономики и социологии труда Всероссийского научно-исследовательского института экономики, труда и управления в сельском хозяйстве (ГНУ ВНИЭТУСХ), к.э.н.

19

Опыт сельских муниципальных образований

Костин В.В.

О качестве жизни на селе

22

Результаты научных исследований

Бондаренко Л.В.

Груднева А.А.

Состояние сельского рынка труда

24

Прока Н.И.

Мониторинг качества жизни сельского населения –
приоритетное направление аграрной политики региона

33

Подгорный Б.Б.

Частное инвесторы фондового рынка в регионах: проблемы и решения

40

Публикации по темам предыдущих выпусков журнала

Петросян В.А.

Социальная поддержка инвалидов в Москве

49

Рагимова О.А.

Здоровье как показатель качества жизни: философские аспекты.

58

Публикации докторантов, аспирантов и соискателей


Горина Е.А.

Приоритет поддержки бедных в условиях экономического кризиса:
возможности и ограничения

63

Бушуева Н.В.

Гендерный аспект регионального политического лидерства

75

Мониторинг социально-экономического потенциала семей


Волохова Т.А.

Прожиточный минимум семей разного состава в регионах РФ (IV кв. 2009 г.)

80

Сведения об авторах и аннотированное содержание выпуска на английском языке

92



3/2010 (145)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION

IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»
Theoretical and practical journal

QUALITY OF RURAL LIFE


IN THE FEDERATION COUNCIL OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

M. Nikolaev

Social sphere of the russian rural areas and its future


3

Vice President of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of Russia

Formation and regulation of the labor market in rural areas

A special extended meeting held on 28 January 2010 in the Federation Council was focused on the problem of rural employment and development of concrete proposals, the search for new contemporary forms of overcoming unemployment in rural areas. It was attended by representatives of Ministry of Agriculture of Russia, Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Economic and Regional Development, Federal Service for Labor and Employment, Federal Migration Service, research centers, credit cooperatives, trade union of agricultural complex of Russia, officials from the office of the Federation Council.

Papers and reports on trends in the labor market and employment in Russia, presented at the meeting are published below in the abridged form.



A. Vovchenko

The first deputy head of the Federal Service for Labor
and Employment of Russia

6

D. Gorin

Head of Market Monitoring Labor Department of Rural Develop-ment and Social Policy of Ministry of Agriculture of Russia

8

I. Grivina

Deputy Director of the Department of Employment and Labor
Migration of Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia

10

P. Shumanov

Senior Consultant of the Office of foreign Labor migration
of the Federal Migration Service of Russia

10

V. Bobkov

General Director VTSUZH, Doctor of economics, Professor,
Honored Scientist of Russia

11

G. Smirnov

Rector of the Academy of staffing of the Agricutural Complex

13

V. Kasatkin

Chairman of the Board of the League of Credit Unions (Barnaul)

14

N. Agapova

President of the Trade Union of the Agricutural Sector of Russia

15

M. Mamuta

Director of the National Center of microfinancing

17

L. Bondarenko

Head of the All-Russian Center for monitoring the social and labor sphere of the All-Russian Institute of agriculture economics

18

V. Bogdanovsky

Head of the Department of Economics and Sociology
of Labor in the All-Russian Research Institute of Economy,
Labor and management in agriculture, candidate of economics

19

Formation and regulation of the labor market in rural areas

V. Kostin

On the issue of the quality of life in rural areas

22

From the speech of V.V.Kostin, head of administration of Kuznetsk area of Penza region,
at the All-Russia forum of rural settlements. Orel city. January 29th 2010.



Results of scientific research

L.Bondarenko

A. Grudneva

State of rural labor market

24

In this article features of rural labour market are revealed, critical analysis of used methods of calculation of rural employment and unemployment is provided, monitoring of rural population labour market for 2009 is analyzed, including the results of a sociological survey of the population.


N. Proka

Monitoring the quality of life of rural population -
priority dire
ction of agricultural policy in the region

33

In the article there are given the analysis of the status and trends of the main parameters determining the quality of life of rural population, are considered the social indicators of development of agrarian sector, are given suggestions for improving certain areas of agricultural policy, with a positive impact on socio-economic development of rural areas.

B. Podgorny

The role of private investors in the development
of the economy


40

The role of private investors in the development of the economy. Participation in the equity capital of Russian enterprises. Selected data from the author's studies of real investors of the Kursk region. The basic reasons for low participation in investing in the stock market instruments.

Publications on the topics of previous issues

V. Petrosjan

Social support for disabled persons in Moscow

49

In the article there describes a system of social support for disabled persons in the city of Moscow. It is shown the essence of equal opportunities for the realization of equal rights, irrespective of the level of physical health or intellectual development. Analyzed two subsystems of social support: social payments and social services. Considered contradictions quality of life of disabled persons working and retirement age.

O. Ragimova

Health as an indicator of quality of life: philosophical aspects

58

The author defines health as the benefit of life. Considering health as an indicator of quality of life in the noosphere paradigm, she stays on the world-view, value and social aspects of its formation

Publication of doctoral candidates, graduate students and applicants

E. Gorina

Priority support for the poor in the economic crisis:
oppo
rtunities and limitations

63

Significant reduction of federal and regional budget under the influence of a new economic crisis is pushing to revise spending priorities. In the field of social support of the population it is focused on the great importance to strengthen the targeting of social programs, which should contribute to more effective spending of budgetary funds. The article describes the condition and the trends of the costs of social support in the budgets of the three key- regions during the pre-crisis period, analyses the barriers in targeting social expenditures, identifies conditions and limitations in order to integrate the principle of needs testing in a system of categorical grants and benefits.

N. Bushueva

The gender aspect of the regional political leadership

75

The gains of women in higher positions at all levels of government becomes noticeable phenomenon of political life in Russia. Has the women's political leadership a fundamental difference from the men’s one? What are the political and psychological characteristics of women- leaders? What is the impact of gender on the policy pursued? The article presents a comparative analysis of regional political leaders - men and women.

Monitoring of socio-economic potential of families

T. Volohovа

Minimum of subsistence of families of the different composition in the regions of Russia (IV kv., 2009)


80





2/2010 (144)

«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

КАЧЕСТВО ЖИЗНИ: ЗДОРОВЬЕ


Содержание

В Министерстве здравоохранения и социального развития Российской Федерации

Кривонос О.В.

Основные направления и меры реализации

Национального проекта «Здоровье» в 2010 году



3

В Государственной думе Российской Федерации


Борзова О.Г.

Из выступлений Председателя Комитета Государственной Думы Российской Федерации по охране здоровья

5

Результаты научных исследований


Величковский Б.Т.

Оценка жизнеспособности нации

9

Судаков К.В.

Научно-технический прогресс и проблема здоровья человека

19

Гундаров И.А.

Определение общественного здоровья и его оценка в регионах Российской Федерации

25

Маликов Н.С.

Продолжительность жизни как интегрирующий показатель ее качества

37

Пиддэ А.Л.

Проблемы медицинского страхования в современной России

45

Герасименко Н.Ф.


Снижение потребления крепкого алкоголя – главный резерв снижения сверхсмертности и увеличения продолжительности жизни в России

55

Буров М.П.

Ермаков Д.Н.

Проблемы совершенствования межрегиональных отношений при реализации программы государственных гарантий оказания гражданам Российской Федерации бесплатной медицинской помощи

63

Корнюшина Т.А.

Писарев В.Н.

Условия труда как важный фактор качества жизни работающих

68

Егоров Е.В.

Букин А.К.

Программы комплексной профилактики сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний в рамках концепции экономики здоровья

76

Дискуссии и обсуждения

Прокудин В. А.,

Катковский А.Е.

Роль человеческого капитала в развитии организации


81

Публикации докторантов, аспирантов и соискателей


Берг А.А.

Анализ параметрических изменений в пенсионной системе России

93

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ И АННОТИРОВАННОЕ СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ВЫПУСКА
НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ


98



2/2010 (144)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION
IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»

Theoretical and practical journal

QUALITY OF LIFE: HEALTH

O. Krivonos

Main directions and arrangements of realization
of the n
ational project “Health” in 2010

3

O. Borzova

From the statements of the Chairman
of the State Duma Committee of Healthcare


5

B. Velichkovskiy

Assessment of viability of the nation

9

Three criteria based on the biological natural laws, are proposed to characterize the level of the national vitality: the first one is survival of population (poverty level), the second - formation of the mechanism of effective motivation of labor activity, the third – formation of the dynamic stereotype of the higher nervous activity. Study of the dependence of demography indexes on the buying power of population (as ratio of average local salary to the cost of a local basket of goods) has shown that living wage established in Russia doesn’t meet the requirements neither of the whole population nor of people of working age or of the newborns. In order to provide population survival, the minimal living wage should exceed the cost of a basket of goods (established in each administrative and territorial subject) 2,5 – 3,5 times depending on the real buying power of ruble in the given year. These conditions were fulfilled in 2009 when the minimal salary value has exceeded the living wage. The mortality decreased in spite of the drop in gross domestic product value and unemployment growth, because the number of the working poor (the group of high risk of premature mortality) decreased. To provide the further decrease in mortality one should introduce in a legal way the criterion of population survival (level of poverty) which is evaluated on the base of the objective factors. The average values of the monetary income of population were substantiated also for two other criteria for evaluation of the quality of life.

К. Sudakov

Definition of public health and its estimation in regions of Russian Federation

19

In this article along with the positive sides of influence of scientific and technical progress on the human health, negative sides were shown. There were systemized main factors of scientific and technical progress, which are the reason of increasing psycho-emotional breakdowns of the human. There are proposed specific measures for the orientation of technology policy for the reorganization of production, with taking into account the psychological and physiological characteristics and relationship of employed persons, as well as complex of anti-stress rehabilitation activities.

Keywords: scientific and technical progress, psycho-emotional stress, diagnostic of stress conditions, rehabilitation activities, system of preventive assessment of the human condition in the workplace.



I. Gundarov

Definition of public health and its estimation in regions of Russian Federation

25

Practical definition of public health for use in health care is formulated. Marked out four blocks of statistic indicators of estimation of health: physical viability, biological reproduction, social activity, a spiritual condition. Fixed index of public health is devised. Comparison of health of the population of regions of Russia in a statics and dynamics for last 17 years was carried out.

Keywords: public health, measurement of health, estimation of viability of the population, health of regions of Russia, moral statistics



N. Malikov

Life interval as an integrating index of its quality

37

This article alleges the life interval as an integrating criterion of its quality and as a main purpose of social policy of social government. The dependence of quality of life on the material well-being is shown and at the same time the possibility of rise of level of life without rise of the quality of life is argued. Three groups of territories are allocated on the level of quality of life. System problems of distinguish of quality of life between men and women, citizens and villagers are revealed. Proposals for solution of them are formulated.

Keywords: Quality of life, life interval, criterion, level of life, social entropy, genotype



A. Pidde

Problems of medical insurance in modern Russia

45

In this article main topical problems of medical insurance are systematized and analyzed, special attention is paid to the problem of its financing, including in the regional aspect. The necessity of compulsory medical insurance is argued, basic regulations of project of the Concept of development of system of public health services in the Russian Federation till 2020 regarding development of medical insurance are opened.

Keywords: medical insurance, financing system of medical insurance, free medical aid, insurance principle, modernization of medical insurance





1/2010 (143)
«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

КАЧЕСТВО ЖИЗНИ: МЕЖДИСЦИПЛИНАРНЫЙ АСПЕКТ


СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Бобков В.Н.

Социально-философские аспекты качества
и уровня жизни

3

Субетто А.И.

Качество как геополитическая стратегия возрождения
и развития экономики и цивилизации России

8

Бушуев В.В. Голубев В.С.

Тарко А.М.

Качество жизни и его индексы: мир и Россия


12

Воронин А.Н.,

Горюнова Н.Б.

Интеллектуальная деятельность в современных
сообществах глобализации


25

Матронина Л.Ф.

Менеджмент качества: антропологическое измерение


34

Кострикина И.С.

Качество образования в современном обществе:
на пути к когнитивной квалиметрии процессов обучения

43

Савченко Т.Н.

Головина Г.М.

Моделирование удовлетворенности жизнью


50

Багреева Е.В.

Менджерицки Г. (Германия)

Миграция как путь к изменению качества жизни:
компаративный анализ субъективных оценок качества жизни русскоязычных мигрантов в Германии и Норвегии


59

Позняков В.П.

Структура и динамика экономического сознания субъекта

67

Орефков В.В.

Эргономическое нормирование в системе качества трудовой жизни

71

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ И АННОТИРОВАННОЕ СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ВЫПУСКА НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ






1/2010 (143)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION

IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»
Theoretical and practical journal


КАЧЕСТВО ЖИЗНИ: МЕЖДИСЦИПЛИНАРНЫЙ АСПЕКТ

V. Bobkov

Socio–philosophical aspects of quality and level of life


3

This article discloses socio-philosophical aspects of quality and level of life, its asserts that knowledge of processes and structures, that are interacting in main spheres of reproduction of quality of life, gives its ontological specification and discloses stable relations. Hypothesis of the possibility of detection of socio-class structures, based on the interaction of several criterion factors of distribution of quality of people’s life and their social communities is put forward. It is shown that 2-criteria model of population distribution on money income and housing, allows highlight main groups of socio-class structure of Russian society.
Keywords: quality of life, level of life, socio-class structure, needs, interests, valuable


A.Subetto

Quality as geopolitical strategy of Renaissance and
development of economy and civilization of Russia



8

This article shows the essence of quality as a civilization category based on analyses of humanity development, its asserts that “revolution of quality” is a synthesis of a system, human, intelligence-innovative, reflexive-methodological and educational revolutions. The main outcome of these revolutions is an assertion of establishing of “basis of basis” economy, social processes and institutes, government in whole.
Keywords: quality, civilization processes, revolution of quality, system revolution.


V.Bushuev

V.Golubev

A.Tarko

Quality of life and its indexes: The world and Russia


12


National wealth or country (national) capital consists of physical, human, social and natural capital. Natural capital includes reproducible (eco-capital) and irreproducible (paleo-capital) components. The index of quality of life is defined as the average arithmetic ratio of production of private capitals of each country to the maximum values of production of these capitals among all countries of the world. The rating of countries on index of quality of life and country capital is established. Reasons of backlog of Russia from developed countries in this rating and prospects of its developing through establishing socio-humanitarian government are analyzed.
Keywords: quality of life, country capital, eco-capital, socio-humanitarian government, indexes of quality of life


A. Voronin

N. Goriunova


Intellectual activity in the modern globalization
commun
ities

25

In this article the entry of the man to global professional communities is analyzed. A new object of research of psychology of abilities is introduced – subjects, included in globalization communities, with psychosocial parameters which not dependent too much on their localization, dominant culture, ethnos, but related to the psychological resources of members of different global communities, the social macromedia and the community attributes of globalization. The most obvious attributes of globalization communities are described. The group of abilities, that determine the effectiveness of activity of members of the global communities, is highlighted.

This work is supported by the Russian humanitarian scientific fund (the grant № 09-06-00401а).


Keywords: intellectual activity, cognitive abilities, mental relativity, discursive abilities, subjects of globalization communities, quality of life.


L.Matronina

Quality management: Anthropological measurement


34

The article considers process of changing of the paradigm of management of quality of life as a consequence of features of progress of civilization at the present stage of globalization of life. Processes of change of operational definition of category of quality management, problems of quality standardization and dynamic of valuable are analyzed.
Keywords: macroshift of progress of civilization, change of the paradigm of management and quality management, standardization


I.Kostrikina

Quality of education in modern society: on the way
to cognitive qualimetry of educational processes



43

This article examines current trends of education development and changes in assessment of its quality. Analytical review of social studies of major trends in higher education system in aspect of quality management in conditions of socio-age, socio-economical and cultural diversities of students
is presented. The concept of cognitive qualimetry of education as a tool of regulation individual educational trajectories is introduced. Many philosophical foundations of qualimetry of education are designated.

Keywords: qualimetry of education, social mobility, academical achievement, intellectual potential, educability, prognostic measurements


T. Savchenko

G. Golovina


Modelling of life satisfaction

50

In this article are presented the mathematical model of life satisfaction as a function of an estimation of economic well-being, a motivational orientation, self-trust and style of behaviour. The model is based on the results of empirical research of interrelation between satisfaction of a life, subjective economic quality of a life, styles of behaviour and several personal characteristics, such as self-trust and a motivational orientation.

The data of interrogations of respondents was processed by means of factorial, cluster, regressional analysis. Reconstructed subjective dimensions of life satisfaction are described by two factors: the first is a cognitive estimation of life, the second - an emotional estimation of life. As a result the descriptional regressional model of subjective quality of life was constructed.


Keywords: mathematical model, life satisfaction, economic well-being, motivational orientation, self-trust, style of behaviour


E. Bagreeva
Dr. German Mendzheritskiy

Migration as a way to change of quality of life:
a comparative analysis of su
bjective assessments
of quality of life of Russian-speaking migrants
in Germany and Norway



59

This article examines the relationship of the two sociological concepts: "migration" and "quality of life." Authors conducted a comparative analysis of subjective assessments of quality of life of Russian-speaking migrants in Germany and Norway.
Keywords: quality of life, migration, Russian-speaking migrants, subjective perception of life satisfaction, Norway, Germany, adaptation


V. Poznyakov


Structure and Dynamics of economic consciousness
of subject



67

This article presents the analysis of the main components of consciousness in the aspect of the scientific problem of systematization the economico-psychological phenomena. Position about the universality of the structure of phenomena of economic consciousness, regardless of the specific content of socio-economic facilities, is put forward. The contradictions in the interconnections of phenomena of economic consciousness and external manifestations of the economic activity of the subject, economic behavior are defined as regulators of the dynamics of economic consciousness.
Keywords: economic behavior, economico-psychological phenomena, economical psychology


V. Orefkov


Ergonomics rationing in system of quality of labour life


71

In this article, based on the researches on the organization of the work on the workplaces of various businesses of several industries, argued a conclusion that quality of labour life, as well as quality of labour (labour processes) can be assessed based on integral index of workplace ergonomics, which is formed of two quantitative indicators: ergonomics of carried in the workplace labor processes and ergonomics of working conditions.
Keywords: quality of labour life, quality of labour, ergonomics, rationing, labour, labour potential, workplace

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