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12/2010 (154)

«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

ДВАДЦАТИЛЕТИЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЙ СЛУЖБЫ ЗАНЯТОСТИ УКРАИНЫ

Герций Ю.В.

ПРИВЕТСТВИЕ
Руководителя федеральной службы по труду и занятости


3

Галицкий В.М.


Государственная служба занятости Украины:
стратегия инновационного развития


4

Зинкевич Н.И.


Тенденции развития украинского рынка труда на этапе
преодоления последствий мирового финансового кризиса


12

Маршавин Ю.Н.


Совершенствование технологических основ предоставления
социальных услуг населению и работодателям как фактор
повышения функциональной эффективности центров занятости


21

Сташенко Е.П.


Новые информационные технологии как фактор повышения качества социальных услуг на рынке труда Украины

31

ВОПРОСЫ ПРЕОДОЛЕНИЯ БЕЗРАБОТИЦЫ

Ткачук И.Ф.

Профессиональное обучение безработных в Ровенском центре профессионально-технического образования Государственной службы занятости

35

Чупина Г.Ю.

Общественные работы: временная занятость безработных
на пользу общества


39

Родионова М.А.

Образование – клад, труд – ключ к нему

45

Маршавин Д.Ю.

Усовершенствование инструментария для профориентации
и подбора работы людям с инвалидностью


49

Кравчук И.В.

Рывкова Т.Н.


Из опыта работы Хмельницкой областной службы занятости
по организации профессионального обучения безработных
граждан по заказ
у работодателей

57

Довжук Б.С.

Служба занятости в регионе: реалии и перспективы

65

Кузнецова В.П.

Поддержка предпринимательской инициативы безработных -
одно из стратегических направлений содействия занятости
населения Днепропетровщины


71

Содержание выпусков журнала за 2010 год

75

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ И АННОТИРОВАННОЕ

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ВЫПУСКА НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

83




12/2010 (154)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION

IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»
Theoretical and practical journal

20 YEARS TO A PLACEMENT SERVICE OF UKRAINE


GREETING OF LEADER OF FEDERAL SERVICE
ON LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT


3

V. Galitsky


State Employment Service of Ukraine: the strategy
of
innovative development

4

The article analyzes the labor market processes in Ukraine and the role of the State Employment Service in promoting employment. Emphasize is placed on a special role in the financial support of measures of active employment policy and social protection of unemployed of insurance Fund for unemployment. The content exposes providing modern technology services to the public and employers by employment centers. Much attention is paid to such forms and methods of public service employment to overcome the imbalances in the professional labor market as vocational guidance and vocational training; development of their own centers of vocational adult education. Particular emphasis is placed on the need to develop human capital, competitive labor force in the context of globalization.

Keywords: employment, unemployment, employment potential, human capital, employment center, career guidance, vocational training, employers, social dialogue and social services.



N. Zinkevych


Trends of development of Ukrainian labor market for the stage of overcoming the consequences of world financial crisis

12

In article the condition of the labor market of Ukraine in crisis period is analyzed, the factors of reducing employment, growing unemployment, ways to minimize the impact of the global financial crisis on the labor market are investigated. Attention on the exceptional role of services of employment in the period of crises is accented. The priorities of activities of the State Employment Service of Ukraine in 2010-2011 are described. In the article drawn conclusion, that at this stage the key task of employment policy and social protection against unemployment is to inform and motivate the general public to acquire and develop skills, competencies and qualifications throughout their lives.

Keywords: global financial crisis, labor market, social protection, minimizing the negative consequences of the crisis.

Y. Marshavin

Improvement of Technological Principles of Servicing Residents and Employers as the Factor to Increase Employment Center Performance Efficiency


21

Problems of technologization of local employment centres have been analysed in this article. The essence and content of the Integrated Technology of Serving the Unemployed Population at Employment Centers of Ukraine have been revealed. The principles of building it and the main target units have been analysed. A special attention has been paid to revealing the objectives of creation and organization of operations of functional and space sectors in employment centres, forms and methods of co-operation with employers. Technological aspects of activating the unemployed and increasing of their responsibility for finding job have been analysed.

Key words: technology procedure, operation, sector, job seeker, employer, employment centre, social service.



E. Stashenko


New information technologies as a factor
in improving the quality of social services
in the Ukrainian labor market


31

The article describes the basic automation principles of Employment Service of Ukraine. The implementation results of the Unified Information Analytical System Public Employment Service of Ukraine, its capabilities in various stages of operation, the impact on the efficiency in accordance of social services. Particular attention is paid to modern methods of information, which allowed attracting more users of social services. Technological aspects of information in connection with transition to more advanced tools are being analyzed.

Keywords: Unified information-analytical system, Employment Centre, Employment Service, database, Internet, on-line mode, modernization, technology, employment, vacancies, job selection.




I. Tkachuk


Vocational Training of the Unemployed
in the Rivne Vocational Training Centre
of the State Employment Service


35

This article studies the practice of vocational training of the unemployed in the Rivne Vocational Training Centre of the State Employment Service that is a state-owned vocational training institution with an 18-year history. On the basis of licenses the centre provides training and retraining and advanced training for the unemployed in 38 occupations. The article reveals advantages of training the unemployed on the basis of the State Employment Service's own facilities.

Keywords: vocational training, work occupations, folk-crafts, entrepreneurship and self-employment, educational technologies, employers.




G.Chupyna

Public Works: Temporary employment
for unemployed to the benefit of society


39

This article features special aspects of overcoming the negative tendencies in the labor market through public works establishment. The analysis is based on current legislation of Ukraine in the sphere of the employment as well as on generalization of experience of conducting the public works by Chernivtsi regional employment service. The economic feasibility of public works is shown for both the employers and the unemployed. The practical approaches are described and examples are provided for the implementation of priority tasks for public works by Chernivtsi regional employment service.

Key words: employment service, public works, unemployed, employer, market for labor, material support, social infrastructure.




M. Rodionova

Education is treasure, work is the key to it


45

The article analyzes the problems of interaction between the labor market and market of educational services, the formation of qualitatively new workforce, providing the economy of Kirovograd region with skilled labour. It reveals the essence and content of training of the unemployed population by centres of employment. The principles and forms of training for the unemployed are analysed there. Particular attention is paid to the vocational training of rural residents, youth, persons with disabilities.

Keywords: labour market, the market of educational services, vocational training, the unemployed, the employer, employment centre.




D. Marshavin


Career Guidance and Job Selection for People with Disabilities

49

This article, on the basis of the experience of the State Employment Service of Ukraine, has revealed the problem in question and described tools for career guidance and job selection for clients with disabilities, considering the peculiarities of their disabling disorders.

Keywords: disabled, career guidance for the disabled, employment of people with disabilities, State Employment Service of Ukraine, employment center.



I. Kravchuk

T.Ryvkova

From the Experience of Work of Khmelnitsky Regional Employment Centre as for Organization of Professio-nal Training of Unemployed Citizens on the Order of Employers

57

The system of work of Khmelnitsky regional employment centre as for the improvement of instruments of active policy of labour market, in particular organization of professional training of unemployed citizens on the basis of study and prediction of the employers' demands in qualified specialists at the moment and for the further perspective has been revealed in the article. Special attention is paid to the analyses of methods of such work, kinds and forms of professional training of adults, usage of which guaranties gaining final goals - job placement of unemployed with proper job, rise of competitiveness at the labour market and gratification of employers' demands in qualified specialists.

Key words: professional training, probationary period, practices, target courses, order of business, employers, unemployed, educational programs.




B. Dovzhuk

Service of employment in region:
realities and pro
spects


65

Companies are gradually overcoming crises, seek to preserve and increase production. Accordingly, the labor market of Ternopil region responds: wages in some places have gone down, and requirements for personnel have increased. Under these conditions, the tasks complicates, improving state service of employment, its regional structure and the employment centers of using the gained experience.

Keywords:Service of employment, Single technology of maintenance of unemployment population, professional orientation, professional education, employment, paid social works, labour migration.



V. Kuznetsova


The Supporting Program of Entrepreneurial Initiative From Unemployed People Is One of the Assisting Strategic Directions to Help the Inhabitants Employment in Dnipropetrovsk Region

71

In the article the effectiveness of the head and regional employment centers work on the implementation of the unemployment level abatement, one of the foreground directions, and the development of small businesses, the perspective economic sector, is studied. The experience, the methods of work with potential entrepreneurs, the role of social participation with the executive authorities, local government and public bodies are developed here. The author interprets other important aspects of the employment service performance in the assistance to the development of entrepreneurship, particularly the work on analyzing the labour market and the collaboration with scientific methodologists.

Keywords: small-scale business, Entrepreneurship, Unemployment reduction, Active employment programs







11/2010 (153)

«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

СОВРЕМЕННОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ СОЦИАЛЬНОГО РАЗВИТИЯ ВОРОНЕЖСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ

Вступительное слово губернатора А.В. ГОРДЕЕВА
о перспективах социально-экономического развития Воронежской области


3

Бобков В.Н.

Гулюгина А.А.

Горлов И.С.

Одинцова Е.В.

Порядина Е.Д.


О политике доходов населения Воронежской области


5

Решение заседания Координационного совета по социальной политике
при Губернаторе Воронежской области


(Фрагмент протокола заседания Координационного совета под председательством
губернатора Воронежской области Гордеева А.В. от 22 сентября 2010 г.)


27

Агапова Г.В.

Самойлюк Н.И.



Социальная защита – приоритет государственной политики

Правительства Воронежской области

29

Кумицкий И.Б.


О мерах по снижению уровня бедности

населения Воронежской области

33

Березкин А.Б.


Об оплате труда работников социальной сферы

Воронежской области

40

Ануфриева Т.Ю.

Уровень жизни населения (пенсионеров) Воронежской области

42

ВОРОНЕЖСКАЯ ОБЛАСТЬ

В ПРИОРИТЕТНЫХ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ ПРОЕКТАХ

Автономов Д.Л.

Участие Воронежской области в национальном проекте

«Здоровье» (итоги, проблемы, перспективы)

49

Мосолов О.Н.

Участие Воронежской области в приоритетном национальном проекте «Образование» (итоги, проблемы, перспективы)

55

Астанин В.И.


Информация о ходе и перспективах реализации федеральной целевой программы «ЖИЛИЩЕ» в Воронежской области

61

Спиваков А.А.


Участие Воронежской области в национальном проекте

«Развитие АПК» (итоги, проблемы, перспективы)

66

Кузьминова Т.В.

Классификация сельских территорий как основа выявления
дифференциации уровней социально-экономического развития


(на примере муниципальных образований Воронежской области)

74

Образцов И.Д.


Интервью руководителя управления культуры Воронежской области «Три программы на перспективу»

81

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ И АННОТИРОВАННОЕ
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ВЫПУСКА НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ


85




11/2010 (153)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION

IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»

Theoretical and practical journal

CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE VORONEZH REGION

Opening address

Governor A.V.GORDEYEV about social and economic prospects
of development of the Voronezh region


3

The problems creating serious restrictions for stability regional development, efficiency of the decision of problems of development of the human capital, and also prospect of social and economic development of region in a context of realization of the Concept long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020 and Strategy of social and economic development of the Voronezh region till 2020 are considered in article. Strategic priorities of the Voronezh region in the course of achievement of new quality of life and transition to an innovative way of development of regional economy are designated.

Keywords: social and economic development strategy, innovation, regional economy.



V. Bobkov

A. Gulyugina

I. Gorlov

E. Odintsova

E. Poryadina

About the population incomes politician

of the Voronezh region

5

Questions of a social orientation of the regional budget, such as regional expenses on social payments and payment, budgetary expenses on social policy are considered. Tendencies in distribution of incomes and a population standard of living are presented, the index of development of human potential is considered as an integrated indicator of social policy. Proceeding from results of the analysis offers for consideration at coordination council session on social policy are made at the governor of the Voronezh region.

Keywords: social policy, a policy of incomes, unique payments of the Voronezh region, additional measures of social support.



The decision of session of Coordination council on social policy at the governor of
the V
oronezh region (A fragment of the report of session of Coordination council
under the chairmanship of the Governor of the Voronezh region A.Gordeev, 22.09.2010)

27

G. Agapova

N. Samoyliuk

Social protection – a priority of a state policy
of the Government of the Voronezh region


29

In the publication endurances from report at the All-Russia meeting «Pressing questions of development of social protection of the population» are resulted. The system of the social Voronezh region for-board the population reveals, the basic directions of its development are defined. The social is underlined directed-nost a state policy of the government of the Voronezh region, приоритетность questions of improvement of conditions of quality the population.

Keywords: social protection, address social help, rehabilitation of invalids.



I.Kumitskij


About measures on decrease in level of poverty
of population of the V
oronezh region

33

Work is devoted the analysis of regional measures on reduction of scales of poverty. The special attention in it is given to measures общеэкономического character, to the measures directed on reduction of scales of economic poverty.

Keywords: poverty, program of social and economic development of the Voronezh region for 2010-2014, social purposes, priority directions of government policy



A.Berezkin


About payment of social sphere workers
of the V
oronezh region

40

In article preliminary results of introduction of new systems of payment in budgetary establishments of the Voronezh region are considered.

Keywords: payment, new systems of payment, poverty level.



T. Anufriyeva

Standard of living of pensioners Voronezh region

42

Pension system is considered as providing a worthy standard of living in an old age. The problem of liquidation of poverty of pensioners is shined. Consequences of valorization as increases in a monetary estimation of the pension rights which have been generated at citizens as of January, 1st, 2002 and, first of all, the rights taking into account "the Soviet" length of labor experience got till 1991 are studied.

Keywords: valorization, a standard of living of pensioners, length of labor experience.



D. Avtonomov

Participation of the Voronezh region in the national project "Health" (results, problems, prospects)

49

The realization beginning in 2006 in the Voronezh region of the national project of the project "Health" initsiirova-lo process of reforming of all system of public health services of area. Changes have mentioned the most important directions: primary medicosanitary, hi-tech and specialized medical aid, medical aid to mothers and children, and also preventive maintenance of diseases.

О. Mosolov

The participation of the Voronezh Region in the national top priority project “Education” (results, problems,
prospects)


55

In article the basic results of carrying out of actions of the priority national project " Education " in the Voronezh region within 2006-2009 are considered. The special attention is given the analysis of expenses on realization of actions of the priority national project " Education ".

V. Astanin



The information on a course and prospects
of real
ization of the federal target program "DWELLING" in the Voronezh region

61

Materials about realization of the regional target program «Maintenance with habitation of young families» are presented. The basic questions of the program of stimulation of development of housing construction of the Voronezh region and the subroutine «Maintenance of the ground areas with a municipal infrastructure with a view of housing construction» are taken up.

Keywords: housing construction, the housing question, needing habitation



A.Spivakov



Participation of the Voronezh region in the national
project «agrarian and industrial complex Development» (r
esults, problems, prospects)

66

Article «Participation of the Voronezh region in the national project« agrarian and industrial complex Development »: results, problems, prospects» on an example of the Voronezh region gives the developed characteristic of its realization as effective tool of system transformations to branches. In article the analysis of realization of the given project is given, are brought it 4 summer results, available problems and necessity of expansion of directions of action of the given document on immediate prospects are shown.

T. Kuzminova

Classification of rural territories as basis of exposure of
di
fferentiation of levels of socio-economic development (on the example of municipal formations of the Voronezh region)

74

In the article the necessity of the differentiated going is grounded near program of development of rural territories development taking into account distinctions in socio-economic development. As a method of exposure of distinctions classification of rural territories is offered on the basis of cluster analysis. The results of classification of rural territories of the Voronezh region are in-process presented.

I. Obraztsov


Interview of the chief of the department of culture of
the V
oronezh region «Three programs on perspective»

81

On September, 16th in Voronezh XII session of Coordination council on culture has taken place at Ministry of culture of the Russian Federation under the chairmanship of minister Alexander Avdeev and with the assistance of the governor of the Voronezh region Alexey Gordeyev. The governor pays to a question of development of rural culture. Thanks to it the branch has own Strategy of development for the period till 2020, the long-term regional target program «Development of culture of the Voronezh region. 2010-2014», the long-term regional target program «Development of rural culture of the Voronezh region. 2011-2015». The minister of culture A.A. Avdeev has noticed that experience of the government Voronezh the regional expert and culture regional government on preservation and development of rural culture will be considered on board of the ministry and recommended for practical application on places.






10/2010 (152)
«УРОВЕНЬ ЖИЗНИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕГИОНОВ РОССИИ»

Научно-практический журнал

ЖИЛИЩНЫЙ ВОПРОС В РОССИИ

О ходе реализации приоритетного национального проекта
«Доступное и комфортное жилье – гражданам России»


3

Денисов Н.А.

Современная жилищная политика России и пути ее совершенствования

5

Черковец В.Н.

К жилищному вопросу в современной России

9

Кульков В.М.

Теоретические и структурные аспекты жилищной проблемы

21

Казаков В.Н.

Проблемы и направления реформирования ЖКХ в России

28

Гуртов В.К.

Малоэтажное жилье – эффективная составляющая социально-экономической стратегии в процессе выхода страны из кризиса.

35

Бояринцев Б.И.

Бикмухаметов И.И.



Управление развитием социальной инфраструктуры городов России
в системе национального проектирования

54

Бирюков В.А.

Опыт решения жилищной проблемы в развитых странах.

58

Ноздрина Н.Н., Шнейдерман И.М.

Влияние кризиса на жилищные условия населения

69

ДИСКУССИЯ О РАЗВИТИИ ЖИЛИЩНОГО ВОПРОСА В РОССИИ

Розе М. Г.

О некоторых социальных аспектах реформирования ЖКХ

75

Дзарасов С.С.

Проблемы воспроизводства и распределения жилищного фонда
среди населения

89

Губанов С.С.

Жилищный вопрос и задачи неоиндустриальной модернизации общества

92

ПУБЛИКАЦИИ АСПИРАНТОВ И СОИСКАТЕЛЕЙ

Гончаров П.П.

Социальное кредитование и экономическая модернизация

96

Качалов Н. А.

Экономические аспекты управления профессиональными рисками
в процессе трудовой деятельности работников.

102

Авдеев В.В.

Теория жизненного цикла в потреблении и её применение в анализе
динамики уровня жизни

106

Меркулов А.Б

Влияние дисциплины труда на качество трудовой жизни

113

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ И АННОТИРОВАННОЕ
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ВЫПУСКА НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ


118





10/2010 (152)

«LIVING STANDARD OF THE POPULATION

IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA»
Theoretical and practical journal

HOUSING QUESTION IN RUSSIA

About a course of realization of the priority national project
«Accessible and comfortable habitation – to citizens of Russia»


3

Denisov N.A.


THE MODERN HOUSING POLICY OF RUSSIA

AND WAYS OF ITS PERFECTION

5

The specificity of a housing policy spent now is considered in article. Problems of maintenance with habitation of the population Russia arising during its realization are allocated. Offers on updating of methods of improvement of living conditions of the Russian families are brought for discussion.



Keywords: the housing policy, methods of improvement of living conditions of the population.


V. Cherkovets

TO THE HOUSING QUESTION IN MODERN RUSSIA

9

Article represents the expanded report in a scientific seminar of problem group «Reproduction and national economic growth» the political economy chairs, spent together with chair of economy of social sphere of economic faculty of the Moscow Lomonosov State University and the All-Russia center of a standard of living in March, 2010 the requirement for habitation as one of fundamental problems of mankind, and degree of security by habitation as the major component of level and quality of life of the population of any country Is considered. The reasons of an aggravation and specificity of the maintenance of a housing question because of initial accumulation of the capital and industrial revolution are shown, polemic in the socialist literature 19 century Are analyzed housing problems of the Soviet and Post-Soviet periods of Russia. The social characteristic of privatization of habitation and motives of protest performances of citizens in a number of regions in the beginning of 2010 is given

Keywords: a housing question; housing construction; housing-kommunal services; housing and communal services; the private, state and municipal property; habitation privatization; market relations; justice; the social state and the socially-focused economy.


V. Kul`kov


THEORETICAL AND STRUCTURAL ASPECTS

OF HOUSING PROBLEM

21

The housing problem is considered through a prism of the economic theory in unity of all its structural parts: political economies, micro- and macroeconomics, institutional economy and the national economy theory. The special attention is involved in social and investment foreshortenings of the specified problem. The pricing mechanism in the Russian housing market, level costs is analyzed at real estate acquisition. The questions, concerning roles of the state in housing sphere of economy and maintenance of national safety reveal.



Keywords: housing problem, the economic theory, structural levels of economy, socially-vosproizvodstvennyj the approach, investments, pricing, costs, dearness of habitation, a state role, a balance method, national safety.

V. Kazakov


REFORMING OF HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES PROBLEMS AND DIRECTIONS IN RUSSIA

28

The intermediate results of reforming housing- communal economy in Russia are considered in article, problems of a material condition, a financial position and functioning of mechanisms of management by housing sphere are revealed, effective foreign models of maintenance of the population by habitation and possibilities of their application in the Russian conditions are opened.



Keywords: housing and communal services (housing and communal services), crisis processes in housing and communal services, a material condition of branch, management of apartment houses, availability of habitation, reforming of housing-and-municipal sector to Russia, a state role, foreign models of functioning of housing sphere and the housing problem decision.


V. Gurtov

LOW HABITATION AS EFFECTIVE COMPONENT
OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC STRATEGY IN

THE COURSE OF AN EXIT OF THE COUNTRY
FROM CRISIS


35

Building is considered as an economy motive power as a whole, features of realization


of the project of mass building, as way of improvement of the Russian economy and exit from the crisis period are considered. Low building is considered as a way of the general improvement of quality of life of the population as a whole and especially agricultural population, and just as the most perspective direction of the decision of housing problem in Russia.

Keywords: building economic benefits, real estate, low building, housing.


B. Bojarintsev

I. Bikmuhametov

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT OF CITIES
OF RUSSIA IN SYSTEM OF NATIONAL DESIGNING


54

Realization of the national project “Dwelling” is closely connected with the decision of problems of


a social infrastructure of cities. Management of realization of priority national projects in regions and cities forms the actual problem having various aspects, including the coordination of the purposes, criteria and processes of functioning and development of a social infrastructure; searches of methods of its rational resource maintenance, optimization of communications with environment; working out of the concept of life cycles of its elements, perfection of is innovative-investment activity. In article basic elements of model of system management are defined by development of a social infrastructure of cities of Russia.

Keywords: city social infrastructure , structurization and decomposition method for difficult city problems, limitation of possibilities of market mechanism, the national project in housing sphere.


V. Biryukov

EXPERIENCE of HOUSING PROBLEM SOLVING

IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

58

The article shows the state and dynamics of the housing sector in the developed world, are statistically compared with Russia on a number of important socio-economic parameters that characterize the development of this sector, notes the need to apply the lessons of international experience in the housing problem solving in Russia.



Keywords: housing as durable goods, quality, differentiation and affordability of housing, property owners and tenants of housing, mobile housing, housing costs, maintenance costs of housing, labor productivity.


N. Nozdrina

I. Shnejderman

INFLUENCE OF CRISIS ON POPULATION LIVING CONDITIONS

69

Housing conditions of the population Russia which has developed the day before and as a result financial and economic crisis are considered and the basic problems of housing sphere are analyzed: backlog in security and a habitation accomplishment, increase of volumes of the shabby and emergency habitation, insufficient rates of building, low availability of habitation in the market for the population, inaccessibility and inadequacy of mechanisms of mortgage lending. Measures on development and reforming of housing sphere are offered, basic of which are: increase of a role of the state in sphere of building and the habitation distribution, the accelerated development of rent sector of the habitation given on principles of noncommercial hiring, working out of national model of social and accessible habitation, introduction of system of savings of the population on type building-savings banks, revival of practice of housing cooperatives.



Keywords: population housing conditions, habitation building, level of availability of habitation for the population, revision of a role of the state in housing sphere, development of rent sector of habitation, social and accessible habitation, low building.


M. Roze

ABOUT SOME SOCIAL ASPECTS OF REFORMING OF HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES

75

According to the Concept of the social state the state social standards in the field of maintenance of the population with habitation and utilities should consider:

• specifications of maintenance with a vein and (or) a total area counting on one person;

• an order of the account of the citizens needing reception of habitation and (or) improvement of living conditions;

• an order of granting of habitation to citizens with different level monetary to-courses;

• the list and specifications of granting to the population of principal views of utilities


(as a part of a consumer's basket);

• as much as possible admissible (limiting) share of expenses of citizens on payment


of habitation and utilities in the cumulative income of a family;

• an order of granting to groups of the population with low incomes of grants for payment


of habitation and utilities;

• categories of citizens to which the habitation and utilities are given free of charge, with


partial payment or on other concessionary terms.

Keywords: the National project «Accessible and comfortable habitation – to citizens of Russia», transfer of departmental available housing to municipalities, habitation privatization.

S. Dzarasov


HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES REFORM
IN A CONTEXT OF LAST EXPERIENCE (THE SOVIET SYSTEM OF THE CENTRALIZED PUBLIC ECONOMY)



89

The Soviet way of the decision of housing problem was the most effectiveIn Soviet period About system now it is accepted to abuse, and it seems to me that for maintenance with great bulk habitation nasele-nija, I underline, not for the rich. The industrialization connected with enormous migration on-settlement from village in cities. It was impossible to provide this huge inflow of agricultural population to a city with habitation if these people paid a habitation overall cost. And not only with habitation. The same was and with formation which too was besplat th. Otherwise children few well-founded parents couldn't receive about-razovanie. And the Soviet state took these functions on itself.

Keywords: last experience, reform of housing and communal services.


S. Gubanov

HOUSING QUESTION IN RUSSIA AS A PROBLEM OF SOCIAL REPRODUCTION

92

Security of the population habitation, it is equal as size of expenses on housing-and-municipal services, the classical approach demands to consider is system, within the limits


of that concrete historical system of public reproduction what operates in the country. The basic question consists in that, the reproduction system is how much progressive operating nowadays , whether she allows to regulate volume and structure of cumulative purchasing capacity in advantage neoindustrial development of Russia, whether corresponds to problems of neoindustrial modernization of a society.

Keywords: Housing, purchasing capacity, reform, last experience.


P. Goncharov

THE SOCIAL CREDITS AND ECONOMIC MODERNIZATION

96

The Russian Ministry of Health and Social Development initiates the draft of the New Law about presentation the loans for population under lien in the banks of the pension savings. There is an active discussion around this idea. However Ministry proposals concern only medical treatment paying and mortgage as the items for this kind of the cheap loans. From the foreign experience we know that the potential is much greater. In the article “The Social Credits and Economic Modernization” the author describes wide possibilities of the social credit for the solution of the above-mentioned problem.

Keywords: crediting on the security of pension accumulation, mortgage lending, social crediting, hypothec.


N. Kachalov

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF MANAGEMENT

OF PROFESSIONAL RISKS IN THE COURSE

OF LABOR ACTIVITY OF WORKERS

102

Questions of the organization of work on a labor safety on essentially new beginnings are considered. The problem приоритетности compensatory measures on compensation of harm by the victim on manufacture to the detriment of preventive measures is designated, importance of necessity of activization of scientific researches on the given problem, proving to be true with results of expert estimations of additional expenses of the state is underlined.

Keywords: a state policy in the field of a labor safety, reforming control systems of a labor safety.

V. Avdeev


THE LIFE CYCLE THEORY IN CONSUMPTION AND ITS APPLICATION IN THE ANALYSIS OF DYNAMICS OF A STANDARD OF LIVING

106

The theory of life cycle developed by F.Modigliani with co-authors, asserts, that income level fluctuates throughout human life and savings allow consumers to redistribute the income since the periods when its level is high, for the periods when it is low. Having considered pension strategy of the population at able-bodied age and practice of pensioners concerning additional sources of the income, it is possible to draw a conclusion that Russians do not level the consumption by means of savings throughout life cycle. It is necessary to give to the majority of Russians confidence of tomorrow and level of incomes on an extent not only month, but also several years, for formation of own strategy of consumption and savings of means throughout a life.



Keywords: consumption, the savings, life cycle, the income, a standard of living, pension.



A. Merkulov

INFLUENCE OF DISCIPLINE OF WORK ON QUALITY OF LABOR LIFE

113

The article considers some sections of elements applicable to the work life quality under the market economy. When analyzing the elements the author suggests extending the concept with a new section, namely with the labour discipline one (including "the style of management in a company"). A thorough analysis is given to correlation between the labour discipline and the quality of work life. The author underlines that such correlation takes place because the discipline is an essential element in merging the work force with the production means as well as in the efficient usage of workers' labour on the basis of the coordinated actions. The higher the labour discipline is the more complete is the workers' feeling of well-being and the creative approach to work, with the latter leading to the self-discipline.



Keywords: quality of working life, labour discipline, quality of work life, market economy, job satisfaction.

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