Planned Parenthood Этот глоссарий с переводом некоторых терминов вам поможет понять - страница №1/1
Этот глоссарий с переводом некоторых терминов вам поможет понять разговор в Центре планирования семьи.
Birth control (регулирование рождаемости) not only saves lives — it helps women and their families prevent poverty, plan their futures, and take charge of their destinies.
Contraception предупреждение беременности, применение противозачаточных средств
Combined Oral Contraceptives Birth control pills that contain the hormones estrogen and progestin Оральные контрасептивы, содержащие эстроген и погестин
Over-the-Counter (pills, medication) Available without a prescription. (лекарства без рецепта)
Emergency contraception (EC) is a safe and effective means of preventing pregnancy after unprotected intercourse (intercourse -- половое сношение)
It contains hormones found in birth control pills and must be started within 120 hours after unprotected intercourse
sexually transmitted infections (STIs) инфекции, передающиеся половым путём
They are very common among humans — up to 75 percent of sexually active women and men will an STI of some kind. Unfortunately, many people consider having STIs to be a moral issue. (нравственная проблема) The stigma (позор, пятно) and shame some people feel because of this may lead them to neglect taking good care of their sexual health. Please don’t let embarrassment be a health risk for you. Speak frankly and openly with your clinician about your sex life and your sexual health concerns. Some clinicians won’t ask — so take charge and speak up.
STD — sexually transmitted disease – болезни, передающиеся половым путём
is an infection that has symptoms. Some organizations prefer using the term STD. Others, including Planned Parenthood, prefer the term STI because STIs can be passed from one person to another — even when there are no symptoms. We want women and men to understand that they are just as likely to get an STI from someone with no symptoms as from someone with symptoms. It’s also a lot easier to prevent getting most STIs than it is to treat most STDs.
HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) An infection that can be sexually transmitted and may cause severe liver disease and death.
Вирус гепатита В
Abortifacient A drug, herb, or device that can cause an abortion.
Abortion The termination of pregnancy before birth.
Abstinence Not having sex play -- воздержание
Abstinence-Only Curricula Sexuality education programs that advocate sexual abstinence before marriage. They do not provide information about contraception, safer sex, or sexual orientation.
Acquaintance Rape Sexual intercourse coerced by someone known to the victim.
Adolescence The period of physical and emotional change between puberty and adulthood.
Adultery sexual intercourse between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse.
адюльтер, нарушение супружеской верности, прелюбодеяние
Age of Consent The age at which one is considered old enough to decide to have sexual intercourse.
Age of Majority The age at which one becomes a legal adult. (возраст совершеннолетия)
Anorexia An eating disorder often caused by poor body image in which people, usually women, don't eat or eat very little to remain or become thin.
Binge-Eating Disorder: Сcompulsive overeating.
Bulimia An eating disorder in which binge eating is followed by purging with laxatives (слабительное) or self-induced vomiting. (вызывание у себя рвоты)
Bisexual One who is attracted to people of both genders.
Body Image One's attitudes and feelings about one's own body and appearance.
Cervix uteri шейка матки
uterus (womb) матка
Circumcision An operation to remove the foreskin (крайняя плоть) of the penis
Date Rape Coerced sexual intercourse during a dating relationship.
принуждение к сексу во время свидания
Diversity The presence of many different kinds of people, including people of various racial and ethnic backgrounds, sexual orientations, and social classes.
Domestic Partnership The committed, long-term relationship of two unmarried people who live together
Dominant Culture The group that holds political, ideological, and economic power in a diverse society.
Don Juanism The desire by a man to have sex very frequently with many different partners.
Female Condom A polyurethane sheath(презерватив, оболочка) with flexible rings at each end that is inserted deep into the vagina like a diaphragm. It is an over-the-counter, reversible barrier method of birth control that may provide protection against many sexually transmitted infections.
Fertilization The joining of an egg and sperm.
Fetus The organism that develops from the embryo at the end of about seven weeks of pregnancy and receives nourishment through the placenta. (плод )
Gang Rape Sexual assault committed by two or more people; also known as fraternity or party rape.
Genitals External sex and reproductive organs — the penis and scrotum in men, the vulva in women. Sometimes the internal reproductive organs are also called genitals.
Homophobia Fear and hatred of people who are gay, lesbian, or bisexual.
Incest Sexual activity between members of the same family.
Jealousy Anxiety (тревога, беспокойство) about a partner's love and
Nymphomania The desire by a woman to have sex very frequently with many different partners.
Pap Test (Pap smears) A procedure used to examine the cells of the cervix in order to detect infection and hormonal conditions. It can also detect precancerous and cancerous cells.
(мазок Папаниколау в гинекологии; мазки-отпечатки по Папаниколау )
Period The days during menstruation.
Pro-Choice The belief that women have the right to choose abortion.
Sexism Bias against a certain gender — especially against women.
Sexual Harassment Unwanted sexual advances with suggestive gestures, language, or touching.
Tubal Sterilization Surgical blocking of the fallopian tubes that is intended to provide permanent birth control.
Vasectomy вазэктомия или мужская стерилизация заключается в блокировании семявыносящих протоков для предотвращения проходимости сперматозоидов.